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Scientific Papers Natural History Museum The University of Kansas 07 August 1998 Number 9:1-47 A Cladistic Analysis and Classification of the Subgenera and Genera of the Large Carpenter Bees, Tribe Xylocopini (Hymenoptera: Apidae)^ By Robert L. Minckley^ Division of Entomology. Natural History Museum, and Department of Entomology, The University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas 66045-2109, USA CONTENTS ABSTRACT 2 INTRODUCTION 3 Acknowledgments 3 MATERIALS AND METHODS 3 Selection ofTaxa 3 Selection of Characters 5 Characters List and Coding 7 Phylogenetic Analyses 13 RESULTS 14 Relationships among Larger Clades of the Xylocopini 15 Relationships among Members of the Major Clades andTaxonomic Recommendations 21 KEYS TO THE SUBGENERA OF XKLOCOPA 27 New World Females 27 New World Males 28 Old World Females 28 Old World Males 29 DIAGNOSES AND DESCRIPTIONS OF SUBGENERA OF XYLOCOPA 3 1 Subgenus Xylomelissa Hurd and Moure 31 Subgenus Nodula Maa 31 'Contribution No. 3198 from the Department of Entomology and Snow Entomological Division, Natural History Museum, The University of Kansas. -Present address: Department of Entomology, 301 Funchess Hall, Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama 36849-5413, USA, © Natural History Museum, The University of Kansas ISSN No. 1094-0782

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A cladistic analysis and classification of the subgenera and genera of the large carpenter bees, tribe Xylocopini (Hymenoptera: Apidae)

Robert L Minckley
Scientific Papers Natural History Museum University of Kansas 9: 1-47 (1998)

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